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Magnetic and structural anisotropy of the Co–Fe3O4films deposited by the thin-liquid film method

Authors
Journal
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
0304-8853
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
268
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0304-8853(03)00473-6
Keywords
  • Co-Ferrite
  • Anisotropy
  • Xrd
  • Mössbauer
  • Thin-Liquid Film

Abstract

Abstract We have deposited Fe 3− x Co x O 4 films on glass substrates from aqueous solutions of CoCl 2, FeCl 2 and NaNO 2 using the thin-liquid film method. X-ray diffraction patterns of the films show that the relative intensity of (1 1 1) to (3 1 1) reflection increases by the addition of Co 2+ from less than 10% for Fe 3O 4 ( x=0) to 145% for Fe 2.59Co 0.41O 4. The maximum coercive force ( H c=2110 Oe), which was measured by a vibrating sample magnetometer, is also obtained for the Fe 2.59Co 0.41O 4 film. Mössbauer analysis shows that the Co 2+ is located at the octahedral (O h) site of the inverse spinel and the presence of Co 2+ enhances the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The electrical resistivity of the films was changed from about 1 to 10 6 Ω cm by the addition of Co 2+ at room temperature. We suggest that the formation of Co 2+ ion pairs and the excess octahedral stabilization energy of Co 2+ ions in the Fe 3− x Co x O 4 are partly the reasons of the anisotropy.

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