Success in learning a second language nevertheless an African language has proven a tremendous effort on the part of foreign adult learners enrolled in universities. Motivation and attitude as well as the strategies used by the learners themselves play an important role. However, the greatest challenge for this group of learners is the need to pass African language exams based on merit. This forces the students to engage learning strategies that not only require them to pass exams but at the same time make them overlook the purpose of achieving success in acquiring and learning the target language. This article looks at the language learning strategies used by university students enrolled in Kiswahili language courses and determine implications.