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Inhibitory effects of anethole and eugenol on the growth and toxin production ofAspergillus parasiticus

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Food Microbiology
0168-1605
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0168-1605(90)90066-e
Keywords
  • Aspergillus Parasiticus
  • Aflatoxin
  • Growth
  • Anethole
  • Eugenol

Abstract

Abstract The antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic activity of anethole and eugenol which are active components of commonly used spices was studied against two strains of Aspergillus parasiticus. Anethole, up to concentration of 400 μg/ml where complete inhibition was observed, delayed growth and reduced mycelial weight but it showed a stimulative effect on the toxin production of both strains. At a concentration of 300 μg/ml, eugenol inhibited the growth of both strains; levels of eugenol below 200 μg/ml enhanced production of aflatoxin particularly by A. parasiticus NRRL 299.

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