The teoretical part of my graduate thesis is focused on defining regional and structural politics of EU, characterizing cohesion regions and supported regions. In analytic part of thesis chosen region of Central Bohemia is characterized by means of selected indicators. The indicators are economics of (he region, social infrastructure, tourism, agriculture, environment and utilization EU funds. In final part SWOT analysis was executed where strong-points, weaknesses, opportunities and risks of the region was presented. Using this analysis possibilities of region of Central Bohemia was also designed, which should be able to repress the weaknesses and take advantage of strong-points.