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Electrochemical behavior and determination of fluphenazine at multi-walled carbon nanotubes/(3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane bilayer modified gold electrodes

Authors
Journal
Talanta
0039-9140
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
64
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2004.02.024
Keywords
  • Electrochemical Behavior
  • Fluphenazine
  • Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
  • (3-Mercaptopropyl)Trimethoxysilane
  • Gold Electrodes
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract A novel multi-walled carbon nanotubes/(3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPS) bilayer modified gold electrode was prepared and used to study the electrochemcial behavior of fluphenazine and determine it. Fluphenazine could effectively accumulate at this electrode and produce two anodic peaks at about 0.78 V and 0.93 V (versus SCE). The peak at about 0.78 V was much higher and sensitive, thus it could be applied to the determination. Various conditions were optimized for practical application. Under the selected conditions (i.e. 0.05 M pH 3.5 HCOOH–HCOONa buffer solution, 5 μl 1 mg ml −1 multi-walled carbon nanotubes for Φ=2.0 mm electrode, accumulation at open circuit for 180 s), the anodic peak current was linear to fluphenazine concentration in the range from 5×10 −8 to 1.5×10 −5 M with correlation coefficient of 0.9984, the detection limit was 1×10 −8 M. For a 1×10 −5 M fluphenazine solution, the relative standard deviation of peak current was 2.51% ( n=8). This method was successfully applied to the determination of fluphenazine in drug samples and the recovery was 96.4–104.4%. The electrode could be easily regenerated and exhibited some selectivity, but some surfactants reduced the peak current greatly. The modified electrode was characterized by alternating current impedance and electrochemical probe.

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