Abstract In the present paper, we have synthesized a biomorphic ceramic material from oak wood as biological template structure and infiltration with zirconia-sol. After the material characterization, we have optimized the sample dissolution by acid attack in an oven under microwave irradiation. Experimental designs were used as a multivariate strategy for the effect's evaluation of varying several variables. This article describes the development by response surface methodology (RSM) of a procedure for zirconium determination, and other ions, such as copper and nickel by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and others, such as iron, calcium and magnesium determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) in the synthesized sample after digestion. A full factorial design (3 3) was used to find optimal conditions for the procedure through response surface study. Three variables (time, HNO 3 volume and HF volume) were regarded as factors and as response to the concentration of different metal ions in the optimization study.