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Lidar mapping and surface survey of the Izapa state on the tropical piedmont of Chiapas, Mexico

Authors
Journal
Journal of Archaeological Science
0305-4403
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
40
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2012.10.034
Keywords
  • Lidar
  • Archaeological Settlement Survey
  • Prehispanic Demography
  • Izapa
  • Soconusco
  • Ground Truthing
  • Ancient Mesoamerica
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Recent lidar and pedestrian surface surveys have remapped the well-known Mesoamerican site of Izapa and the surrounding Soconusco piedmont. These data document: 1) occupation from the surrounding piedmont environment, 2) significantly larger estimates of the site's size during both the Formative and Classic periods as well as 3) new architectural features from the monumental site core. Methodological issues are outlined for combining high precision lidar mapping with ground truthing and pedestrian survey that focuses on surface collection of temporally diagnostic artifacts. Results are presented for 670 mounds documented in an area of 43.1 sq km in and around the ancient capital of Izapa.

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