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Metallothionein degradation: Metal composition as a controlling factor

Authors
Journal
Chemico-Biological Interactions
0009-2797
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
28
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0009-2797(79)90117-0
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract Degradation of the cadmium (Cd)-induced protein, metallothionein (MT) was studied in rat liver and kidney. The half-times ( t 1 2 s ) for degradation of the protein were found to vary according to the concentration of Cd in the tissues. In animals containing high Cd 2+ concentrations, the t 1 2 of degradation was significantly longer than in low Cd 2+ animals. There were no significant differences in degradation times between liver and kidney. Purification of the MT by anion exchange chromatography revealed two species which had, in the liver at least, different degradation times. Since the metal content of the MTs did not vary throughout the time course of the experiment, it is proposed that the rate of degradation and hence the turnover of the protein is influenced by the ratio of Cd 2+ to other bound cations (e.g. Zn 2+ and Cu 2+). Thus, the Cd/Zn ratio in the liver and the Cd/Cu ratio in the kidney determine the respective rates of degradation and hence turnover of the protein.

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