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Predictive factors for illicit drug use among young people: a literature review

Publisher
Great Britain. Home Office.
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Medicine
  • Psychology

Abstract

Predictive factors for illicit drug use among young people: a literature review Predictive factors for illicit drug use among young people: a literature review Home Office Online Report 05/07 Martin Frisher Ilana Crome John Macleod Roger Bloor Matthew Hickman The views expressed in this report are those of the authors, not necessarily those of the Home Office (nor do they reflect Government policy). Predictive factors for illicit drug use among young people: a literature review Martin Frisher Ilana Crome John Macleod Roger Bloor Matthew Hickman Online Report 05/07 i Acknowledgements Thanks to Corrina Knight for all her work on this project. Thanks also to Natalia Chivite-Matthews and Geraldine Brown for helpful comments on the draft manuscript. ii Contents Acknowledgements i Executive summary iii 1 Introduction 1 Background 1 Levels of drug use among young people in the UK 2 Definitions of risk, protection and resilience 3 Research aims 4 Structure of the report 4 2 Methodology 5 Literature searches 5 Study categorisation 5 Selection of papers 6 Review process 6 Categorisation of risk factors 7 3 Results 8 Risk factors 1: Personal factors – biological, psychological and demographic 8 Risk factors 2: Personal factors – behavioural or attitudinal 10 Risk factors 3: Interpersonal relationships 11 Risk factors 4: Structural – environmental and economic 12 Qualitative papers 12 Survey of selected issues 14 4 Discussion 18 Review limitations 18 Assessment of risk factors 18 Conclusions 19 References 22 iii Executive summary Introduction There is a substantial epidemiological literature on factors associated with increased ris

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