Objectives: This study aimed to compare the metabolic parameters obtained from 18fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and gallium-68 (68Ga)-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT and investigate the relationship between serum alpha-fetoprotein and PET scan parameters in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Fourteen patients were recruited after dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the upper abdomen, and 18F-FDG and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT imaging studies were conducted. Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn from lesion-free liver tissue, abdominal aorta (A), and right medial gluteal muscle (G) for the background activity. Maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) of these regions were compared with the SUVmax of primary tumor (T). Results: On visual assessment, five patients (36%) experienced low 18F-FDG uptake in the primary lesion, three patients (21%) experienced moderate uptake, and six patients (43%) experienced high uptake. However, only one patient (7%) showed low 68Ga-PSMA uptake, two patients (14%) showed moderate uptake, and 11 patients (79%) showed high uptake. Four patients with a low 18F-FDG uptake showed high 68Ga-PSMA uptake, while one patient exhibited low uptake with both 18F-FDG and 68Ga-PSMA. The number of lesions on 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and MRI was significantly higher than 18F-FDG PET/CT (p=0.042 and 0.026, respectively). T/A and T/G values were significantly higher in 68Ga-PSMA than 18F-FDG (p=0.002 and 0.002, respectively). Conclusion: 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT is superior to 18F-FDG PET/CT in the staging of hepatocellular carcinoma. High 68Ga-PSMA uptake could be promising for PSMA-targeted radionuclide treatments.