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Irrigation: Environmental Effects☆

Elsevier Inc.
DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-409548-9.05194-0
  • Agriculture
  • Environment
  • Irrigation
  • Nitrate Pollution
  • Pesticide Pollution
  • Salinity
  • Surface And Groundwater Quality
  • Sustainability
  • Waterlogging
  • Water Related Diseases
  • Water Shortage
  • Agricultural Science
  • Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Medicine


Abstract The chapter sketches the relative importance of irrigated agriculture, the major water consumer, and reviews the effects of irrigation on the availability as well as the quality of land and water resources. Moreover it underlines the problems related to current irrigation practices, such as pollutants attributable to irrigation, public health concerns as well as socio-economic and policy issues. Finally, it outlines options for improving the environmental performance of irrigation while increasing water productivity in irrigated agriculture. These are complementary goals which are also important for the long-term sustainability of irrigated agriculture.

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