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Catalytic methanation reaction over alumina supported cobalt oxide doped noble metal oxides for the purification of simulated natural gas

Authors
Journal
Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology
1872-5813
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
40
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s1872-5813(12)60031-0
Keywords
  • Natural Gas
  • Cobalt Oxide
  • Noble Metal
  • Catalyst
  • Methanation Reaction

Abstract

Abstract A series of alumina supported cobalt oxide based catalysts doped with noble metals such as ruthenium and platinum were prepared by wet impregnation method. The variables studied were difference ratio and calcination temperatures. Pt/Co(10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst calcined at 700°C was found to be the best catalyst which able to convert 70.10% of CO2 into methane with 47% of CH4 formation at maximum temperature studied of 400°C. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that this catalyst possessed the active site Co3O4 in face-centered cubic and PtO2 in the orthorhombic phase with Al2O3 existed in the cubic phase. According to the FESEM micrographs, both fresh and spent Pt/Co(10:90)/Al2O3 catalysts displayed small particle size with undefined shape. Nitrogen Adsorption analysis showed that 5.50% reduction of the total surface area for the spent Pt/Co(10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst. Meanwhile, Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) indicated that Co and Pt were reduced by 0.74% and 0.14% respectively on the spent Pt/Co(10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst. Characterization using FT-IR and TGA-DTA analysis revealed the existence of residual nitrate and hydroxyl compounds on the Pt/Co(10:90)/Al2O3 catalyst.

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