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Posttraumatic stress symptoms and smoking to reduce negative affect: An investigation of trauma-exposed daily smokers

Authors
Journal
Addictive Behaviors
0306-4603
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
32
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.03.032
Keywords
  • Smoking
  • Posttraumatic Stress
  • Comorbidity
  • Affect Regulation
  • Smoking Motives

Abstract

Abstract The present investigation examined the relations among posttraumatic stress symptoms and smoking motives. Participants included 100 daily smokers recruited from the community and university settings who reported exposure to at least one traumatic event that met criterion A for posttraumatic stress disorder. Consistent with prediction, higher levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms were associated with smoking to reduce negative affect; this relation was observed after controlling for variance accounted for by number of cigarettes smoked per day and gender. Results are discussed in terms of the implications of smoking to regulate affect among daily smokers who have been exposed to traumatic events.

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