Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury in Children

Authors
Journal
Pediatric Neurology
0887-8994
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
33
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2005.02.002
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Law

Abstract

There is growing recognition that executive function, the superordinate, managerial capacity for directing more modular abilities, is frequently impaired by traumatic brain injury in children and mediates the neurobehavioral sequelae exhibited by these patients. This review encompasses the definition of specific executive functions, age-related changes in executive functions in typically developing children, and the effects of traumatic brain injury on executive functions. The neural substrate for executive functions is described, including relevant functional brain imaging studies that have implicated mediation by prefrontal and parietal cortex and their circuitry. The vulnerability of the neural substrate for executive function to the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury is discussed, including focal lesions and diffuse axonal injury. Domains of executive functions covered in this review include the basic processes of working memory and inhibition and more complex processes such as decision making. Other domains of executive function, including motivation, self-regulation, and social cognition are discussed in terms of research methodology, clinical assessment, and findings in children with traumatic brain injury. Proposed approaches to the rehabilitation of executive functions are presented.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments

More articles like this

Executive functions in children with traumatic bra...

on Applied neuropsychology April 2010

Mild traumatic brain injury and executive function...

on Developmental neurorehabilitat... 2009

An evaluation of executive functions in sportsmen...

on Ortopedia, traumatologia, reha... Dec 30, 2003
More articles like this..