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Kinetic Properties of Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase in Peperomia camptotricha1

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  • Metabolism And Enzymology


Kinetic characteristics of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) from the epiphytic C3 or C4: CAM intermediate plant, Peperomia camptotricha, were investigated. Few day versus night differences in Vmax,Km(PEP)), or malate inhibition were observed, even in extracts from water-stressed plants which characteristically perform CAM, regardless of efforts to stabilize day/night forms. The PEPC extracted from plants during the light period remained stable, without much of an increase or decrease in activity for at least 22 hours at 0 to 4°C. Extracts from mature, fully developed leaves had slightly greater PEPC activity than from very young, developing leaves. Generally, however, the kinetic properties of PEPC extracted from mature leaves of plants grown under short day (SD), long day (LD), or 1-week water-stress conditions, as well as from young, developing leaves, were similar. The PEPC inhibitor, l-malate, decreased the Vmax and increased the Km(PEP) for all treatments. Under specific conditions, malate did not inhibit PEPC rates in the dark extracts as much as the light. The PEPC activator, glucose-6-phosphate (G-6-P), lowered the Km(PEP) for all treatments. At saturating PEP concentrations, PEPC activity was independent of pH in the range of 7.5 to 9.0. At subsaturating PEP concentrations, the pH optimum was 7.8. The rates of PEPC activity were lower in the light period extracts than the dark, at pH 7.1, but day/night PEPC was equally active at pH 7.8. At pH 7.5 and a subsaturating PEP concentration, G-6-P significantly activated PEPC. At pH 8, however, only slight activation by G-6-P was observed. The lower pH of 7.5 combined with l-malate addition, greatly inhibited PEPC, particularly in extracts from young, developing leaves which were completely inhibited at an l-malate concentration of 1 millimolar. However, malate did not further inhibit PEPC activity in mature leaves when assayed at pH 7.1. The fairly constant day/night kinetic and regulatory properties of PEPC from P. camptotricha are unlike those of PEPC from CAM or C4 species studied, and are consistent with the photosynthetic metabolism of this plant.

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