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Rapid assessment of two major repair activities against DNA double-strand breaks in vertebrate cells

Elsevier Inc.
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.11.052
  • Dna Double-Strand Break
  • Non-Homologous End Joining
  • Homologous Recombinational Repair
  • Single-Strand Annealing
  • Dt40


Abstract A linearized plasmid DNA, in which tandem repeats of 400 bp flank the breakpoints, was transfected into vertebrate cells, and breakpoint junctions of plasmid DNA circularized in the cells were analyzed to assess the repair activities against DNA double-strand break (DSB) by non-homologous end joining and homology-directed repair (i.e., homologous recombinational repair and single-strand annealing). The circularization by non-homologous end joining repair of the breakpoints depended on the expression of DNA-PKcs, while that by homology-directed repair through the repeats depended on the length of the repeats, indicating that these two DSB repair activities can be rapidly assessed by this assay. Predominance in circularization by either non-homologous end joining or homology-directed repair differed among cells examined, and circularization was exclusively undertaken by homology-directed repair in DT40 cells known to show a high homologous recombination rate against gene-targeting vectors. Thus, this assay will be helpful in studies on mechanisms and inter-cellular variations of DSB repair.

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