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Japanese "enterprise unionism" and interfirm wage structure.



The basic assumption of this article is that national wage structures can be characterized according to the degree by which they approximate the competitive norm of wage uniformity. Using the interfirm differential as a measure of wage uniformity, the author tests the hypothesis that the differential will tend to be relatively narrow in those countries where the typical union wage agreement covers a large proportion of wage and salary earners. Experience in postwar Japan, where unions typically have been organized on a single-firm or establishment basis, is analyzed and compared with recent wage experience in the United States and several European countries. (Author's abstract courtesy EBSCO.)

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