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New concepts for the design of dermal substitutes

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Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Design
  • Medicine

Abstract

Objectives: Skin can be partially regenerated after full thickness defects by collagen matrices, In this study, we identified the main limitations of induced regeneration aiming to improve the design of dermal matrices. Methods: Single mice received a 1 cm2, full thickness skin wound on the dorsum, which were grafted with collagen-GAG matrices or left ungrafted. The healing modulation induced by the collagen-GAG matrices was compared to spontaneous healing and to custom designed, bioactive, poly-N-Acetyl- Glucosamine (NAG) matrices. Wound staging was based on macroscopic, histological and immunhistochemical analysis on days 3, 7, 10 and 21 post wounding. Results: Cell density was higher in spontaneously granulating wounds compared to grafted wounds. While grafted wounds exhibited increased levels of cell proliferation on days 7 and 10, vascularity was dramatically reduced. NAG scaffolds accelerated both angiogenesis and wound re-epithelialization. Conclusions: Since slow integration and revascularization severely limit the engraftment of clinically used dermal scaffolds, the design of dermal matrices using bioactive materials represent the next step in skin regeneration.

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