Abstract In an environment with a myriad of different stimuli, the fast detection of novel and behaviorally relevant signals becomes crucial for an adaptive behavior. The detection of task-novelty has been related to striatum-prefrontal cortex (PFC) pathways involving dopaminergic (DA) neurotransmission. Here we thus tested the hypothesis that DA regulates the detection of task novelty through the modulation of the auditory N1 potential, an auditory potential peaking at 100ms and previously shown to be modulated by the detection of sensory novelty. Thirty-five healthy volunteers were divided in two groups according to the presence or absence of the 9-repetition allele (9R) of the SLC6A3/DAT1 gene for the dopamine transporter. Participants performed a cued task-switching paradigm that dissociated the effects of exogenous sensory novelty from those of endogenous task novelty. Individuals with the 9R allele showed an amplitude enhancement of the auditory N1 elicited to sensory changes requiring a task-set reconfiguration as compared to sensory changes with no task novelty. In contrast, individuals without the 9R allele did not have their N1 waveform modulated by task novelty. The present results suggest that individuals homozygous for the 10-repeat allele fail to detect the behavioral relevance of new stimuli at early stages.