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White Paper: An Energy Policy for the European Union. COM (95) 682 final, 13 December 1995

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*'**,* *** COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, 13. 12. 1995 COM(95) 682 final WHITE PAPER .. , , ' , "' ' '" , , ' " ,, " ,.. ,, , "" , , ,, ,, ' " ' " ,.. '" , " " " '" " ' ", , '" '.. ' , , ,.. ' , " """, " ", ' '" ,, " "" ' , ,.. " ,', , " , ', ,,' ' "" ,, ,.. " , " " .. " " ,," " " , " ,'" ,, '" " " , " ,, " "" ' " " ' ' , '" '' ::: : :', ' , ,' ', : ' ,, ' ," ' ::: ,, ::: "' " / " ,' . , ' ': , :' " ,.. .. " " .., " ..'" , " , '" " .." " , " , '" , , ..' " ,, '" ..,.. , " , .. .. ' ' " ' , ' " , , .. .., , .. '" .. .." , "~:~~~~~\; ~~~: ...~.,., 21gB: BW~..!lB ..' , , ' " ", " " ,' .."'" '" " ' ", ,.. , '" ' ," ,,"" " , ' ' ' " , ', "' " , " , , ' ,," , " ,,, "" '" '" " ' " "..." . " : ' . . .... " (presented by the Commission) CONTENTS Foreword Introduction 1.1 Why a White Paper on Energy Policy? The debate on the Green Paper1.2 II. The General Framewor-k External dimension globalisation of markets Environmental concerns Technology The Community institutional responsibilities 2.4 III. Current Energy Trends Possible Energy Futures and Emerging energy trends Global context WorId energy supply and demand Community energy supply and demand Environment and technology Indigenous production and import dependency 3.4 Iv. Guidelines for Energy Policy Implementation Introduction Integration of the market The general-approach The Internal Energy Market The level playing field 2.4 4.3 1.1 4.3. 1.2 4.3. 1.3 4.3.1.4 4.3. 2.3 2.4 4.4 4.4. 4.4. 4.4.3 4.4.4 Monitoring the internal energy market Cre~ting a favourable climatefor investment Managing external dependency Secure energy supplies Oil crisis measures Supply situation of other fuels Diversification . solid fuels(coal , lignite peat) . nuclear . renewables Transport International energy relations Trade and investment Energy dialogue Energy cooperation and assistance Pre-accession strategy Sustainable development Environmental protection Energy effic

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