Abstract Two trials were conducted to determine the effect of cambendazole against natural infections of the swine kidneyworm, Stephanurus dentatus, in sows. In the first trial, nine sows were given a single dose of 20 mg cambendazole/kg body weight, in the feed, and eight sows were not treated. In the second trial, five sows were given 40 mg cambendazole/kg body weight and four were untreated. Urine volume, S. dentatus eggs per milliliter of urine, egg hatchability, and larval survival to the third stage were determined pre and post treatment. Adult kidneyworms were counted at necropsy, 14 days after treatments. Only a temporary decline in egg hatchability was observed on the day after treatment in each trial, and cambendazole was not found to be effective against adults of S. dentatus.