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A comparison of the indirect haemagglutination test with the toxin neutralization test for the estimation of diphtheria antitoxin in mouse sera

Authors
Journal
Journal of Biological Standardization
0092-1157
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
15
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0092-1157(87)80004-5

Abstract

Serum samples from 42 groups of mice immunized for different immunization periods wich various doses of Adsorbed Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine, Adsorbed Diphtheria-Tetanus and Pertussis Vaccine and a standard diphtheria toxoid were assayed for their diphtheria antitoxin content by indirect haemagglutination (IHA) and by toxin neutralization (TN) tests. A very good correlation of 0.91 was obtained between the results of the two methods. There was no statistically significant difference between the IHA and the TN titres obtained. Adsorption with sheep red cells and treatment of the sera with 2-mercaptoethanol had no effect on the IHA titres. The minimum level of antitoxin detectable by the IHA test was 0.00039 IU ml -1. IHA proved to be a sensitive, specific and reproducible method which can be used reliably for the assay of diphtheria antitoxin in mouse sera.

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