Abstract Introduction: To measure the levels of phosphocholine (PCh) and glycerophosphocholine (GPCh) in the tissues and organs of mice, we developed a simple and rapid method using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection (ECD) and an immobilized enzyme column. Methods: Under our modifications of the separation procedure of Klein et al. [Neurochem. Int. 2 (1993) 293], PCh and GPCh in the hydrophilic phase of the homogenate samples were selectively hydrolyzed into free choline by alkaline phosphatase and a 0.4-N perchloric acid solution, respectively, and the resulting hydrolyzed mixtures were directly injected into the HPLC system for analysis. Results: The present method permits PCh or GPCh assay within 5 min in one chromatographic run. Recoveries from tissue samples were 97% for PCh and 101% for GPCh. The percentages of the crossover reaction to the authentic PCh and GPCh were 0.4% and 3.8%, respectively. The within-run coefficients of variation for choline derived from PCh and GPCh in the tissue samples were 1.2% and 1.4%, respectively. Discussion: The method is effective and has been applied to the measurement of PCh and GPCh levels in several tissues of mice.