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Floral Induction in a Photoperiodically Insensitive Duckweed, Lemna paucicostata LP6 1: Role of Glutamate, Aspartate, and Other Amino Acids and Amides

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  • Development And Growth Regulation


The effects of 20 amino acids and two amides were studied on the flowering of a photoperiodically insensitive duckweed, Lemna paucicostata LP6. Alanine, asparagine, aspartate, cystine, glutamate, glutamine, glycine, lysine, methionine, proline, serine, and threonine induced flowering under a photoperiodic regime of 16 hours light and 8 hours darkness. Among these, glutamate and aspartate were found to be the most effective for flower induction. These acids could initiate flowering even at 5 × 10−7 molar level, though maximal flowering (about 80%) was obtained at 10−5 molar. Change in the photoperiodic schedule or the pH of the nutrient medium did not influence glutamate- or aspartate-induced flowering. The low concentrations at which glutamate and aspartate are effective suggests that they may have a regulatory role rather than simply acting as metabolites.

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