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Minimal access surgery for cholelithiasis induces an attenuated acute phase response

Authors
Journal
The American Journal of Surgery
0002-9610
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
178
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0002-9610(99)00160-9
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Background: Some benefits of laparoscopic (LC) and minilaparotomy (MC) cholecystectomy may reflect attenuation of the acute phase response. The authors examined components of this response. Methods: Patients were randomized to LC (n = 11) or MC (n = 11). C-reactive protein (CRP), α-1-antitrypsin (AAT), retinol-binding protein (RBP), transferrin, and albumin were measured preoperatively and on postoperative days 1, 2, 4, and 7. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) were measured more frequently perioperatively. Peak expiratory flow rate, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, and forced vital capacity were measured daily. Results: The IL-6 increase was more persistent and marked in the MC patients from hour 8 to day 7 postoperatively ( P <0.05). Alterations in CRP, AAT, and albumin were similar. Postoperative deficits of respiratory function correlated with the magnitude of acute phase protein alteration. Conclusions: Minimal access surgery induces an acute phase response that is less prominent after a laparoscopic technique.

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