Objective The prognosis for elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains dismal. To explore the potential of immunotherapy for improving clinical outcomes for these patients, we performed a phase I clinical trial of dendritic cell (DC)−based immunotherapy for elderly patients with AML. Materials and Methods Autologus monocytes were obtained after reducing tumor burden by chemotherapy. Immature DCs induced with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interleukin-4 were pulsed with autologous apoptotic leukemic cells as antigens. DCs were administered intradermally to four patients five times at 2-week intervals. To facilitate DC migration to lymph nodes, injection sites were pretreated with killed Streptococcus pyogenes OK-432 one day before. DCs were coinjected with OK-432 to induce maturation and interleukin-12 production in vivo. Results Antileukemic responses were observed by an interferon-γ enzyme-linked immunospot assay or a tetramer assay in two of four patients. In a human leukocyte antigen−A∗2402-positive patient, induction of CD8 + T-cell responses to WT1- and human telomerase reverse transcriptase – derived peptides were observed, indicating cross-priming in vivo. The two patients with antileukemic immunity showed longer periods of disease stabilization than the other two patients. Conclusions This study demonstrates the immunogenicity of autologous DCs that cross-present leukemia-associated antigens from autologous apoptotic leukemic cells in vivo in elderly patients with AML.