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Process length variation of the cyst of the dinoflagellateProtoceratium reticulatumin the North Pacific and Baltic-Skagerrak region: calibration as an annual density proxy and first evidence of pseudo-cryptic speciation

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  • Biology

Abstract

Process length variation of cysts of the dinoflagellate Protoceratium reticulatum (Claparede et Lachmann) Butschli in surface sediments from the North Pacific was investigated. The average process length showed a significant inverse relation to annual seawater density: st annual?=?-0.8674 x average process length?+?1029.3 (R2?=?0.84), with a standard error of 0.78?kg?m-3. A sediment trap study from Effingham Inlet in British Columbia revealed the same relationship between average process length and local seawater density variations. In the BalticSkagerrak region, the average process length variation was related significantly to annual seawater density: st annual?=?3.5457 x average process length?-?993.28 (R2?=?0.86), with a standard error of 3.09?kg?m-3. These calibrations cannot be reconciled, which accentuates the regional character of the calibrations. This can be related to variations in molecular data (small subunit, long subunit and internal transcribed spacer sequences), which show the presence of several genotypes and the occurrence of pseudo-cryptic speciation within this species

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