This thesis is dedicated to the possibilities of using elements of drama education while working with persons with a mild intellectual disability. The theoretical part begins with characteristics of intellectual disability, with a specific focus on psychic processes and personality structure of individuals with a light degree of intellectual disability. Besides containing pedagogical-psychological groundwork, which clarifies the essence and meaning of drama activities in the educational processes of persons with impaired intellectual abilities, the text introduces principles of indirect drama-educational work and performance of drama activities. It also describes some methods and techniques of drama education, which reflect the potential and abilities of individuals with intellectual disabilities. The practical part includes a proposal for a project based on literary sources, and mainly oriented at the personality and social development of the target group.