Cytokinesis in a plant cell is accomplished by the formation of a cell plate in the center of the phragmoplast. Little is known of the molecular events associated with this process. In this study, we report the identification of a dynamin-like protein from soybean and demonstrate that this protein is associated with the formation of the cell plate. Plant dynamin-like (PDL) protein contains 610 amino acids showing high homology with other members of the dynamin protein family. Western blot experiments demonstrated that it is associated with the non-ionic detergent-resistant fraction of membranes. Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy localized PDL to the cell plate in dividing soybean root tip cells. Double labeling experiments demonstrated that, unlike phragmoplast microtubules which are concentrated on the periphery of the forming plate, PDL is located across the whole width of the newly formed cell plate. Based on the temporal and spatial organization of PDL in the phragmoplast, we termed this protein 'phragmoplastin'. The data suggest that phragmoplastin may be associated with exocytic vesicles that are depositing cell plate material during cytokinesis in the plant cell.