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Relaxation behaviour at the spin-flop phase transition in the quasi-1D antiferromagnet CsMnCl3·2H2O

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  • Physics


The low-frequency relaxation behaviour of the linear-chain antiferromagnet CsMnCl3·2H2O at the spin-flop transition has been determined from dynamic susceptibility measurements on a single crystal placed in direct contact with liquid helium. The experiments were performed between 1.4 and 4.2 K in the frequency range 0.1 Hz–3.0 kHz with a frequency-sweeping SQUID susceptometer. Below Tλ = 2.17 K, the relaxation rate τ−1 manifests an exponential temperature dependence, τ−1 = ω0e−E/kT, where E/k = 3.19±0.04 K is approximately equal to the magnitude of the intrachain exchange interaction constant Ja/k. Above Tλ the apparent deviation from the exponential behaviour has been explained satisfactorily by using the thermal conduction model of relaxation. The field-dependent factor ω0 is directly proportional to the ratio of the adiabatic χs to the isothermal χT susceptibilities.

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