Abstract This paper relates the current state of environmental public policy in Bulgaria. Combining the rapid development of the national economy with the protection and enhancement of natural resources is the fundamental principal guiding Bulgaria's policies. Policy thinking has advanced beyond notions that the producers of pollution should pay clean up costs. Instead, the current goal for policy is avoiding environmental disruption from the start. Progress toward this goal is being made particularly through the adoption of low waste technologies. Increasingly, pollution is being viewed not simply as environmental destruction, but as a symptom of inefficient production.