Statement of problem Prolonged storage of definitive casts made from Type IV and Type V gypsum products, especially in an environment of increased temperature and low humidity, may result in contraction. Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the linear dimensional changes of 5 different high strength stones after exposing them to 2 different storage conditions over a period of 3 weeks. Material and methods Three Type IV dental stones (Fujirock, Vel-Mix, Suprastone) and 2 Type V dental stones (Hard Rock, Jade Stone) were tested in this study. A circular conical stainless steel die with a diameter of 66 mm and a height of 10 mm was made. Two V-shaped grooves, 38 mm apart, were scribed on the surface of the die for the purposes of measurement. A conical stainless steel ring with a bottom inner diameter of 68 mm and a top inner diameter of 65 mm was also fabricated to fit precisely around the stainless steel die. The dental stone was mixed with water under vacuum and poured under vibration onto the stainless steel die, which was surrounded by the ring. The specimens (n=20) were separated from the stainless steel die 1 hour after pouring. Half of these specimens (control) were stored in a room at 22 ±1°C with relative humidity of 50 ±5%, while the rest of the specimens were placed in a temperature regulating incubator at 40 ±1°C and relative humidity of <20%. The linear dimensional changes were recorded at designated time intervals with a traveling microscope over a 3 week period. Collected data were subjected to a 2-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) (α=.05). Results The highest expansion values for the specimens in the control group were recorded between 72 and 96 hours. A contraction was noticed thereafter for all specimens, in both groups. No difference in the measurements was registered between the second and third week. ANOVA revealed significant differences (P<.001) among different Type IV and V dental stone products, time, and storage conditions. Conclusions The highest expansion values for all specimens in the control group were recorded between 72 and 96 hours. The highest expansion values for all specimens in the experimental group were recorded at 24 hours. For all specimens, contraction was noticed up to the 2-week measurements. All factors examined (dental stone, time, storage condition) significantly affected the linear dimensional changes.