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Dietary Sodium: A Therapeutic Target in the Treatment of Hypertension and CKD

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier Inc.
Volume
23
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1053/j.jrn.2013.01.027
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Interventional trials of dietary sodium reduction have demonstrated improvements in blood pressure, cardiovascular events, and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Furthermore, public health initiatives to reduce population sodium intake in Finland and Japan have shown similar benefit in blood pressure and stroke reduction. Recent follow-up data from large cohort trials that suggest increased mortality among individuals with lower urinary sodium excretion have generated controversy regarding the optimal sodium intake. This paper reviews the evidence for the reduction of dietary sodium to prevent and manage chronic diseases, including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and CKD.

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