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Repeated recall in short-term memory

Authors
Journal
Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
0022-5371
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
7
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5371(68)80016-7

Abstract

Lists of eight letters were either voiced or silently read at presentation, the presentation rate being either 1, 2, or 3 letters/sec. Immediate spoken recall was then given, three times in succession. It was found that accuracy of recall decreased over successive recalls, with errors in the early recalls tending to be perpetuated over later recalls; that the rate of recall was faster for rapidly presented lists than for slowly presented lists, but also increased over successive recalls; and that the loudness of recall decreased over successive recalls. The relationships between successive recalling, postlist rehearsal, and learning are discussed with reference to these results.

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