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Unsteady free convection flow in the stagnation-point region of a rotating sphere

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics
0020-7462
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
33
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0020-7462(97)00057-7
Keywords
  • Unsteady Free Convection
  • Heat Transfer
  • Stagnation-Point
  • Rotating Sphere
Disciplines
  • Mathematics

Abstract

Abstract The unsteady free convection boundary-layer flow in the forward stagnation-point region of a sphere, which is rotating with time-dependent angular velocity in an ambient fluid, has been studied. Both constant wall temperature and constant heat flux conditions have been considered. The non-linear coupled parabolic partial differential equations governing the flow have been solved numerically using an implicit finite-difference scheme. The skin friction and the heat transfer are enhanced by the buoyancy force. The effect of the buoyancy force is found to be more pronounced for smaller Prandtl numbers than for larger Prandtl numbers. For a given buoyancy force, the heat transfer increases with an increase in Prandtl number, but the skin friction decreases.

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