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Association kinetics with coupled diffusion:III. Ionic-strength dependence of the lac repressor-operator association

Authors
Journal
Biophysical Chemistry
0301-4622
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0301-4622(78)80010-6

Abstract

Abstract The repressor- operator association is treated in a model where the represser molecule can find its specific binding site the operator, on a large DNA chain by performing a one-dimensional diffusion along the chain. The ionic-strength depen deuce is calculated by introducing a screened electrostatic potential around the DNA chain and coupling the free diffusion of the represser in this potential to the proposed one-dimensional diffusion along the chain. The main influence on the association rate comes from the competitive binding of ions to the unspecific DNA sites. It is also demonstrated that during the time that the represser is bound in a global sense, the diffusion along the chain will be made up of a strictly one-dimensional motion over fairly short distances, interspersed with many local dissociations during which the repressor in essence is free in solution.

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