Abstract The glucuronides of the anti-inflammatory drug naproxen and its metabolite 6-O-desmethylnaproxen have been produced on a preparative scale by enzymatic synthesis. 6-O-Desmethylnaproxen, the glycine conjugate of naproxen and the O-sulphate of 6-O-desmethylnaproxen were prepared by chemical synthesis. Naproxen and the purified metabolite and conjugates were used as standards for the analytical investigation of the metabolic pattern of naproxen in humans. A reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method based on bare silica dynamically modified with cetyltrimethylammonium ions has been developed. The system was optimized to give a separation of naproxen, 6-O-desmethylnaproxen and five conjugates. Using this method it is also possible to deduce the relationship between the amount of the intact ether-glucuronide and acyl-glucuronide of 6-O-desmethylnaproxen.