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Capital Market Liberalization and Development

  • Economics
  • Political Science


Capital market liberalization has been a key battle in the debate on globalization for much of the previous two decades. Many developing countries, often at the behest of international financial institutions such as the IMF, opened their capital accounts and liberalized their domestic financial markets as part of the wave of liberalization that characterized the 1980s and 1990s and in doing so exposed their economies to increased risk and volatility. Now with even the IMF acknowledging the risks inherent in capital market liberalization, the central intellectual battle over the effects of capital market liberalization has for the most part ended. Though this new understanding of the consequences of capital market liberalization is reshaping many policy discussions among academics and international institutions, ideological and vested interests remain. Critical policy debates also remain, such as how much government should intervene and what tools are available. Although capital market liberalization might not produce the promised benefits, many economists and policymakers still worry about the costs of intervention. Do these costs exceed the benefits? What are the best kinds of interventions, under what circumstances? To answer these questions, we have to understand why capital market liberalization has failed to enhance growth, why it has resulted in greater instability, why the poor appear to have borne the greatest burden, and why the advocates of capital market liberalization were so wrong. Bringing together some of the leading researchers and practitioners in the field, this volume provides an analysis of both the risks associated with capital market liberalization and the alternative policy options available to enhance macroeconomic management. Contributors to this volume - Andrew Charlton, London School of Economics Randall Dodd, Financial Policy Forum Gerald Epstein, University of Massachusetts Roberto Frenkel, Centro de Estudios de Estado y Sociedad (CEDES) Ilene Grabel, University of Denver Stephany Griffith-Jones, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex K. S. Jomo, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) Martin Khor, Third World Network Jose Antonio Ocampo, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Gabriel Palma, University of Cambridge Avinash Persaud, Intelligence Capital Liliana Rojas-Suarez, Center of Global Development; Latin American Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee Benu Schneider, Financing for Development Office of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Shari Spiegel, New Holland Capital Joseph E. Stiglitz, Initiative for Policy Dialogue Sergio L. Schmukler, Development Research Group of the World Bank

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