Abstract Neonatally thymectomized and sham-operated rats were given courses of hind foot pad injections of tritiated thymidine after immune stimuli, and the popliteal lymph nodes were examined for the presence of persistently labeled lymphocytes 32 days later. A larger proportion of labeled small lymphocytes was found in the nodes of thymectomized rats than in the nodes of sham-operated rats, indicating that a significant portion of the long-lived nonmigrating cells are B cells. In sham-operated rats given a course of tritiated thymidine after an immune stimulus with a Salmonella flagellin, labeled blasts appeared 3 days after secondary challenges with both the same or a serologically distinct flagellin. In neonatally thymectomized rats, a blastogenic response occurred after challenge with the same flagellin but not after challenge with the non-specific flagellin. Thus, in normal rats there are also long-lived nonmigrating T cells in primed lymph nodes, and these are the cells responsible for the nonspecific blasto-genesis seen in earlier experiments.