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Oleanolic acid suppresses resistin induction in adipocytes by modulating Tyk-STAT signaling

Authors
Journal
Nutrition Research
0271-5317
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.nutres.2012.12.006
Keywords
  • Adipocyte Differentiation
  • Obesity
  • Oleanolic Acid
  • Resistin
  • Tyk-Stat Signaling

Abstract

Abstract Oleanolic acid, a naturally occurring triterpenoid widely distributed in foods and medicinal plants, has anticancer, antioxidant, and antiaging properties. We hypothesized that oleanolic acid would suppress the production of the inflammatory adipokine resistin during adipogenic differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. 3T3-L1 adipocytes were cultured in adipogenic media with and without 1 to 25 μM oleanolic acid for up to 8 days to stimulate adipocyte differentiation. Adipocyte production of resistin was markedly enhanced during differentiation and was dose dependently attenuated by 1 to 25 μM oleanolic acid. This study further investigated whether Tyk2-Stat1/3 signaling was responsible for cellular production of resistin. Signal transducer and activator of transcription factor (STAT) 1 and STAT3 were activated during differentiation in a disparate temporal fashion; STAT1 was maximally phosphorylated on day 5 after initiating differentiation, whereas STAT3 was rapidly activated within 1 day of differentiation. When oleanolic acid was supplied to differentiating adipocytes, STAT1 and STAT3 phosphorylation was substantially suppressed. Upstream Tyk2 was rapidly activated in a manner similar to STAT3 and reactivated on days 3 to 5 after initiating differentiation, which was attenuated by incubating adipocytes with oleanolic acid. In addition, cellular expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), which inhibits Tyk2 activity, was markedly promoted from day 5 of adipocyte differentiation. Oleanolic acid attenuated SOCS3 expression, which was highly enhanced during the late phase of differentiation. Taken together, oleanolic acid suppressed adipocyte differentiation-associated resistin and adipogenesis production by disturbing the Tyk2-STAT1/3 signaling pathway and promoting SOCS3 expression. Therefore, oleanolic acid may be a possible bioactive agent that blunts adipogenesis and adipokine inflammation.

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