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Failure behavior of carbon steel pipe with local wall thinning near orifice

Nuclear Engineering and Design
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2006.04.033


Abstract Monotonic four-point bending tests were conducted using pipe specimens having an orifice undergoing local wall thinning. The effects of local wall thinning on the fracture behaviors of pipe were investigated. Local wall thinning was machined on the inside of pipes in order to simulate erosion corrosion metal loss. The configurations of the eroded area were l = 100 mm in axial length, d/ t = 0.5 and 0.8 in thickness ratio, and 2 θ = 180° in angle. The area undergoing local wall thinning was subjected to either tensile or compressive stress. Failure type could be classified into ovalization, local buckling, and crack initiation, depending on thickness ratio, and stress at the eroded area. Three-dimensional elasto-plastic analyses were also carried out using the finite element method, which is able to accurately simulate fracture behaviors. Failure analysis map was constructed for pipes with or without orifice based on the results of finite element analyses in order to investigate the effect of orifice on the failure behaviors.

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