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PATHOGENESIS OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION:Role of Host Defenses

Authors
Journal
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
0891-5520
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
11
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0891-5520(05)70372-x
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

In the last decade there have been modest strides made in our understanding of the pathogenesis of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Matching the advances achieved in unraveling the complexities of bacterial virulence factors using molecular-genetic techniques has been a parallel increase in knowledge of host defense mechanisms. Host susceptibility to UTI in the past has been predominantly studied in patients with structural (obstruction) or functional abnormalities (diabetes mellitus); however, most patients with UTIs have no such demonstrable abnormalities, hence attention has now focused on host behavioral factors in addition to genetically determined cellular mechanisms that predispose to sporadic and recurrent UTI.

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