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Jet engine fan blade containment using an alternate geometry

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Impact Engineering
0734-743X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
36
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2008.10.002
Keywords
  • Containment
  • Fan Case
  • Blade Off
  • Turbine Engine
  • Very High Strain Rate Material Behavior
Disciplines
  • Computer Science
  • Design
  • Mathematics

Abstract

Abstract With a goal of reducing jet engine weight, simulations of a fan blade containment system with an alternate geometry were tested and analyzed. A projectile simulating a fan blade was shot at two alternate geometry containment case configurations using a gas gun. The first configuration was a flat plate representing a standard case configuration. The second configuration was a flat plate with a radially convex curve section at the impact point. The curved surface was designed to force the blade to deform plastically, dissipating energy before the full impact of the blade is received by the plate. The curved case was able to tolerate a higher impact velocity before failure. The computational model was developed and correlated with the tests and a weight savings assessment was performed. For the particular test configuration used in this study the ballistic impact velocity of the curved plate was approximately 60 m/s (200 ft/s) greater than that of the flat plate. For the computational model to successfully duplicate the test, the very high strain rate behavior of the materials had to be incorporated.

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