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The geochemical characteristics of Haiyang A-type granite complex in Shandxong, eastern China

DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2014.04.014
  • A-Type Granite
  • Ridge Subduction
  • North China Craton
  • Zircon
  • Oxygen Fugacity
  • Geography


Abstract Haiyang granite complex consists of K-feldspar granite and syenite, with a total exposure area of ~600km2. The K-feldspar granite is metaluminous (A/CNK=0.70 to 0.99) and the syenite is slightly peraluminous (A/CNK=1.01 to 1.10), both of which have typical characteristics of A-type granite with high total alkali contents and FeOT/(FeOT+MgO) ratios. Zircon U-Pb age are 116.8±1.7Ma and 115.8±2.2Ma, for the K-feldspar granite and the syenite, respectively. This is consistent with field observation that syenite intruded into K-feldspar granite. Varied zircon O isotope (5.65- 7.78‰ for K-feldspar granite and 4.68-7.08 ‰ for syenite) with peak values that are marginally higher than those of mantle zircon reflects important mantle contributions. These together with large variation of zircon εHf(t) values of K-feldspar granite (-22.4 to -15.6) and syenite (-24.6 to -13.5), can best be explained by the involvement of at least two components, e.g., enriched lithospheric mantle +/- subducted materials, and upwelling asthenosphere. Apatite has right decline REE pattern. Apatite from K-feldspar granite has higher Cl contents than those of syenite, implying more influence from subduction released fluid in K-feldspar granite source. This is supported by the systematically higher oxygen fugacity of K-feldspar granite as indicated by zircon Ce4+/Ce3+ ratios. In Yb/Ta-Y/Nb, Ce/Nb-Y/Nb diagrams, both K-feldspar granite and syenite plot in A1-type, with K-feldspar granite plotting closer to A2. In Nb-Y-3Ga and Nb-Y-Ce charts, syenite plots near the boundary between A1 and A2, whereas some K-feldspar granite samples plot in A2 field, indicating a tendency of transition originally from A2 to A1. In general A1 granites forms in intraplate settings, whereas A2 granite forms in post-collision. It is likely that mantle components metasomatised by subduction released fluids are easier to be partially melted, forming K-feldspar granite (closer to A2 type) with higher oxygen fugacity, which consequently eliminated subduction signatures, and then followed by A1 type syenite. Similar to the Lower Yangtze River belt, where both A1 and A2 group granites of similar ages outcropped in the same region, Haiyang granite complex may also be plausibly explained by a ridge subduction model, which has been proposed as the mechanism that controlled the decratonization of the North China Craton.

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