The present bacherol thesis deals with the use of financial resources from EU´s structural funds. The bacherol work has discussed briefly the history of the process of the European Union and European integration for better understanding the reasons of the importance of Regional and structural policy, including the impulses for the origin of European Union Structural Funds. Most attention is given to the European Social Fund and European Regional Development Fund because in the last years the Czech Republic is using financial resources increasingly from these funds. In the bacherol work there was the effort to approach this issue on the example of the practice. The primary school in Nove Straseci draws financial support from the Structural Funds, particularly from the European Social Fund to support the following area - Improving conditions for the education in primary schools operating the program Education for Competitiveness.