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DOI: 10.1016/b978-012373947-6.00033-7
  • Psychology


The relationship of anger to stress is at least threefold: (1) anger is an affective response to survival threats or otherwise stressful circumstances; (2) as a high arousal state, anger constitutes an internal stressor, causing wear and tear on the body when it is recurrently activated; and (3) anger can be part of a personality style of coping with the stressors of daily life. Viewing anger in terms of stress, rather than simply as an emotional state, facilitates recognizing that contextual factors contribute to the activation of anger and discerning that chronicity in anger activation is likely to have significant costs to physical and psychological well-being. Stress and trauma have cumulative effects that predispose a person to experience anger. The human stress framework offers advantages for understanding the determinants, manifestations, and consequences of anger, as well as the treatment of anger dyscontrol.

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