Amyloid beta peptide in the senile plaques of patients with Alzheimer's disease is considered to be responsible for the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. We have previously reported that 6-ethyl-N,N'-bis(3-hydroxyphenyl)[1,3,5]triazine-2,4-diamine, RS-0466, is capable of significantly inhibiting amyloid beta-induced cytotoxicity in HeLa cells. To determine various profiles of RS-0466, we investigated whether RS-0466 would enhance the neuroprotective effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor on amyloid beta(1-42)-induced cytotoxicity in rat cortical neurones. Consistent with previous observations, brain-derived neurotrophic factor ameliorated amyloid beta(1-42)-induced cytotoxicity. Furthermore, co-application of RS-0466 enhanced the neuroprotective effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor. RS-0466 also reversed amyloid beta(1-42)-induced decrease of brain-derived neurotrophic factor-triggered phosphorylated Akt. These results raise the possibility that RS-0466 or one of its derivatives has potential to enhance the neuroprotective effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and could serve as a therapeutic agent for patients with Alzheimer's disease.