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Elimination of quantifiers and undecidability in spatial logics for concurrency

Theoretical Computer Science
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.tcs.2006.01.020
  • Spatial Logic
  • Concurrency
  • Expressiveness
  • Undecidability


Abstract The introduction of spatial logics in concurrency is motivated by a shift of focus from concurrent systems towards distributed systems. Aiming at a deeper understanding of the essence of dynamic spatial logics, we study a minimal spatial logic without quantifiers or any operators talking about names. The logic just includes the basic spatial operators void, composition and its adjunct, and the next step modality; for the model we consider a tiny fragment of CCS. We show that this core logic can already encode its own extension with quantification over actions, and modalities for actions. From this result, we derive several consequences. Firstly, we establish the intensionality of the logic, we characterize the equivalence it induces on processes, and we derive characteristic formulas. Secondly, we show that, unlike in static spatial logics, the composition adjunct adds to the expressiveness of the logic, so that adjunct elimination is not possible for dynamic spatial logics, even quantifier-free. Finally, we prove that both model-checking and satisfiability problems are undecidable in our logic. We also conclude that our results extend to other calculi, namely the π -calculus and the ambient calculus.

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