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HYPERTENSION IS ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION

Authors
Journal
The Journal of Urology
0022-5347
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
164
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5347(05)67138-8
Keywords
  • Impotence
  • Hypertension
  • Questionnaires
Disciplines
  • History
  • Medicine

Abstract

Purpose The prevalence and severity of erectile dysfunction in patients with hypertension need to be further evaluated. We evaluate medical and hypertension status, and erectile function in patients with hypertension. Materials and Methods The International Index of Erectile Function, which is a detailed questionnaire, including well established components to evaluate patient medical history, hypertension status and erectile dysfunction, was mailed to 476 male patients of the outpatient Hypertension Center of Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center. Results The questionnaire was completed by 104 (22.3%) patients, and mean age was 62.2 years (range 34 to 75). Of the patients 84.8% were sexually active and 68.3% had various degrees of erectile dysfunction, which was mild in 7.7%, moderate in 15.4% and severe in 45.2%. Compared to the general population of erectile dysfunction cases in the literature our study population with hypertension had a higher incidence of severe erectile dysfunction. Although correlations of antihypertensive medications with incidence of erectile dysfunction did not reach statistical significance, there was a clear trend with patients treated with diuretics and β-blockers having the highest incidence and those treated with α-blockers having the lowest incidence of erectile dysfunction. Conclusions In addition to the observation that erectile dysfunction is more prevalent in patients with hypertension than in an age matched general population, our study shows that it is more severe in those with hypertension than in the general population.

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