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Behavior of bolted angle connections subjected to combined shear force and moment

Journal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.09.006
  • Steel Structures
  • Bolted Angle Connection
  • Finite Element Modeling
  • Web Angles
  • Shear Force
  • Connection Stiffness
  • Computer Science
  • Mathematics


Abstract In this paper, the effect of web angle dimensions on moment–rotation behavior of bolted top and seat angle connections, with double web angles is studied. Several 3D parametric finite element (FE) models are presented in this study whose geometrical and mechanical properties are used as parameters. In these models, all of the connection components, such as beam, column, angles and bolts are modeled using solid elements. The effect of interactions between components, such as slippage of bolts and frictional forces, are modeled using a surface contact algorithm. To evaluate the behavior of connection more precisely, bolt pretensioning force is applied on bolt shanks as the first load case. The results of this numerical modeling are compared with the results of experimental works done by other researchers and good agreement was observed. To study the influence of shear force on behavior of these connections, several models were analyzed using different values of shear force. The effect of important parameters, especially the effect of web angle dimension, is studied then. An equation is proposed to determine the reduction factor for initial rotational stiffness of connection using connection initial rotational stiffness, yield moment, the expected shear force and web angle dimension. The proposed equation is compared with other existing formulations and it was observed that the proposed model is a better estimator of connection behavior.

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